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First Church
First Parish Church
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 First Church

The First Parish Church (Unitarian), Meeting-House Hill, Dorchester district, is the oldest religious society in Boston. It was organized in Plymouth, England, March 20, 1630, the eve before the embarkation of the first settlers of Dorchester in the Mary and John.

The Rev. John White of Dorchester, England, was the chief advocate of a settlement in Massachusetts to find a new home in which greater freedom could be secured for worship and the exercise of religion within the Established Church of England. The ship Mary and John carried with the colonists, John Maverick and John Warham as pastors of their church, which was transferred to America through the sailing of all its members.

The "trading men" settled at Rock Hill (Savin Hill) on which they built a fort. The farmers settled on Allens Plain near the intersection of Pond, Cottage and Pleasant Streets and built their first meeting house, about twelve feet high, constructed of logs with a thatched roof, surrounded with palisades (at approximately the location of Town Meeting Square). Military stores were deposited in it and guns mounted on it from fear of the Indians. The same building was used as a town house and school house. In the early years, the business affairs of the town were largely in the hands of the ministers. The meeting house was the place of public assembly.

Part of the Church membership moved to Windsor, Conn., in 1635 with the Rev. John Warham. John Maverick died in 1636 and was succeeded by Rev. Richard Mather. The first building was replaced by a new one in 1645 at the same location. This meeting house was moved by oxen to Meeting-House Hill, on the east side of Winter Street, in 1670. In 1669 the town had voted to build a house for the ministry of the Church "to be such a house as James Blaks house is, namely, 38 foote in length and 20 foote wid and 14 foote betweene joynts gert worke." The James Blake house still exists but the parsonage has been lost to history. In 1678 a new larger meeting house was built on the northwest corner of Church and Winter Streets. It was square in shape, two stories high, with a tower in the center containing a bell.

In 1743 a new meeting-house was built on what is now the Town Common. The eastern entrance was about where the Soldiers Monument now stands. The building was 68 feet long, 46 feet wide, 104 feet to the top of the weathervane.

Dea. Edward Pierce was the contractor for enlarging the meeting-house of the First Parish, on Meeting-house Hill, in 1795. He was to divide the building along the ridge-pole, move one half of it fourteen feet and the tower and steeple seven feet, and unite the two halves by new material, thereby making thirty new pews inside, which he was to have the disposal of in payment for the work. This was accomplished to the satisfaction of the parish, and he himself was so well remunerated that he voluntarily put on two coats of paint, outside, in addition to what was required of him by the contract.

A new house was built in 1816. It burned in 1896, and again a new church was built in 1897, the one that still exists in 2002. It was designed by Cabot, Everett and Mead with references to Colonial models. It is one of the finest eamples of the Christopher Wren type in this country. This latest building is the one on the map labeled First Unitarian Church.

The pastors of the First Church and their periods of tenure were:

John Warham, 1630-1635, and John Maverick, 1630-1636
Richard Mather, 1636-1669
Josiah Flint, 1671-1680
John Danforth, 1682-1730
Jonathan Bowman, 1729-1773
Moses Everett, 1774-1793
Thaddeus M. Harris, 1793-1836
Nathaniel Hall, 1835-1875
Samuel J. Barrows, 1876-1881
Christopher R. Eliot, 1882-1893
Eugene R. Shippen, 1894-1907
Roger S. Forbes, 1908-1916
Adelbert Lathrop Hudson
James K. Allen, 1954-1991

For more information, consult:

Chaffee, John R. The History of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, Dorchester, Massachusetts. Boston: The Pilgrim Press, 1917. See p. 10-12 for material on the First Church.

The Clapp Memorial. Boston, 1876.

Kings Hand-Book of Boston. Boston: Moses King Corporation, 1889. 9th ed.

Orcutt, William Dana. Good Old Dorchester: A Narrative History of the Town, 1630-1893. Cambridge: The University Press, 1908.

Stark, James H., comp. Places in Dorchester to visit during Old-Home Week, July 28 to August 3, 1907. Dorchester, The Dorchester Historical Society, 1907.

Religious Properties Preservation: A Boston Casebook. Boston: Historic Boston Incorporated, 1991.

Readers' Comments
 Comment from John Doyle December 24, 2005

I grew up in the area of the church on DeWolfe Street and went to St. Peters many years ago, class of '56. I played football in the side of Reverend Allen's white house [the parsonage of the First Parish Church] on High Street with a couple of his sons, one was Herbie. Reverend Allen was a very gentle man who at other times never had us kicked out of the Mather Schoolyard after hitting softballs over the black metal fence and through the church windows often.

Restoration 2006
First Parish Church steeple
Click image for more information
 As part of its restoration project, the First Parish Church is repairing the leaning steeple with the help of a grant from the Steeples Program of Historic Boston, Inc. The top two sections of the steeple were removed from the tower on November 24, 2006.

Richard MatherNathaniel Hall, 1805-1875Thaddeus Mason Harris, 1768-1842Thaddeus Mason HarrisMoses Everett
Thaddeus Mason Harris by Janet Bush
Related Images: showing 8 of 22 (more results)
Here are some images from the Atheneum archive related to this topic. Click on any of these images to open a slideshow of all 22 images.
First Parish ChurchEaton Square showing First Parish ChurchFirst Church built 1743First Parish Church
First Parish ChurchFirst Parish Church 1743Meeting House HillFirst Church, Dorchester
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Created: August 17, 2003   Modified: February 2, 2014