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Theodora Kimball
 Theodora Kimball and her family including her brother Fiske Kimball lived in Dorchester about 1910. She later married Henry Vincent Hubbard.
"An important figure in landscape architecture history, Theodora Kimball
Hubbard contributed to the field's literature and to its intellectual
theory. A librarian by training, Kimball began her career as the librarian
of Harvard University's School of Landscape Architecture. She went on to
become a writer, editor, and critic, authoring numerous articles in
Landscape Architecture and City Planning magazines, among others. In 1917,
she co-authored, with Henry Vincent Hubbard, the first comprehensive
textbook of landscape architecture. In 1920, while editing Frederick Law
Olmsted Sr.'s papers for publication, she wrote an early history of modern
landscape architecture. Another significant contribution to the field was
her library classification system, completed in collaboration with Hubbard
and James Sturgis Pray, for the fields of landscape architecture and city
planning. These classifications influenced the re-conceptualization of
landscape architecture and city planning as rational, ordered design
sciences that could be developed through research. Kimball's remarkable
record of work has been hidden from history in part because she was a
woman, and in part because she did not produce built works. However, her
intellectual and collaborative pursuits influenced landscape architecture,
and an examination of them sheds new light on the construction of
landscape architectural history.
Document Type: Research article "
Henry Vincent Hubbard (1875 ? 1947) was an American landscape architect and planner, famous for his unique teaching styles at Harvard University, and his many publications. He was one of the prime supporters for a national system of public parks.
Hubbard was taught by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. at Harvard University. He was the first person to earn a degree in landscape architecture. He later joined the Olmsted Brothers Firm in Brookline, Massachusetts. While working for their firm, Hubbard went back to Harvard in 1906 to teach landscape architecture. During his thirty-three years of teaching, he focused on developing the profession of landscape architecture along with regional and city planning. Hubbard used real design problems in his classes, unlike the other professors. He also started a separate school in Harvard for city planning in 1929.

The Park von Muskau, officially F?rst-P?ckler-Park.
In 1917, Hubbard wrote one of his own textbooks, An Introduction to the Study of Landscape Design. Co-authored by Theodora Kimball (his wife and colleague), this book became the standard text for landscape architecture for many years. It was considered the "bible" at Harvard for landscape architecture students. In his book, Hubbard divides the history of landscape architecture into humanized (formal) and naturalized (informal) styles. It also discusses the changes in European precedents and the use of "classical formulae," and emphasizes that modern design is based on a typological and pictorial approach, called the Beaux Arts approach. Many landscape designers started to view this approach as confining and sometimes oblivious to the conditions of society and spatial context.

Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., and Theodora Kimball, eds., Forty Years of Landscape Architecture: Central Park (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1973), p. 45. The passage is from a report Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr., submitted to the Department of Public Parks

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Created: August 18, 2007   Modified: August 18, 2007